Access Board | Adaptive Technology | Alternate Methods | Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) | Assistive Technology | Braille | Brailler | Clinger-Cohen Act | Electronic and Information Technology (E & IT or EIT) | Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) | Federal IT Accessibility Initiative (FITAI) | Information Technology | Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1998 | Rehabilitation Act of 1973 | Section 255 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 | Section 501 of the Rehabilitation Act | Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act | Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act | Undue Burden | Universal Design
An independent federal agency that develops and maintains accessibility requirements, provides technical assistance and training on the standards, and enforces accessibility standards for federally funded facilities. Its official name is the "Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board."
Adaptive technology describes the use of hardware and software to assist individuals who have difficulty accessing information systems using conventional methods. For example, mini keyboards can be used by people with a small range of hand movement, and screen readers can be used by people who are blind. Note: also refered to as Assistive Technology
Different means of providing information, including documentation to persons with disabilities. May include, but are not limited to, voice, fax, TTY, Internet posting, captioning, text-to-speech synthesis, and audio description.
1990 civil rights law prohibiting discrimination on the basis of disability in the private and public sectors.
Device or software that substitutes for or enhances the function of some impaired ability. Sometimes referred to as Adaptive Technology. Note: see also Adaptive Technology
Assistive technology is adaptive equipment that people with disabilities commonly use for information and communication access. See 36 CFR 1194.4. In many cases, the Access Board's technical provisions require compatibility with assistive technology devices. For example, if an agency is acquiring telecommunications products, the standards require that the EIT either contain a TTY or be compatible with TTYs. If the product doesn't provide TTY functionality, it must provide a standard non-acoustic connection point for TTYs. See 36 CFR Part 1194.23.
In some cases, the standards require that the acquired EIT be readily usable without the need for assistive devices. This is the case, for example, for self-contained, closed products such as information kiosks. See 36 CFR Part 1194.25.
Code which enables blind persons to read and write. It was invented by a blind Frenchman, Louis Braille, in 1829. Braille is comprised of a rectangular six-dot cell on its end, with up to 63 possible combinations using one or more of the six dots. Braille is embossed by hand (or with a machine) onto thick paper, and read with the fingers moving across on top of the dots. Combinations of Braille dots within a cell represent contractions of two or more print letters and Braille characters take up three times as much space as print.
Any of a number of adaptive devices for outputting text on a computer in Braille.
Originally known as the Information Technology Management Reform Act (ITMRA). Requires heads of Federal agencies to link IT investments to agency accomplishments. The Act also requires that agency heads establish a process to select, manage and control their IT investments.
Includes information technology and any equipment, or interconnected system or subsystem of equipment that is used in the creation, conversion, or duplication of data or information. This includes computers, ancillary equipment, software, telecommunications products such as telephones, information kiosks, World Wide Web sites, multimedia, and office equipment.
EIT is defined by the Access Board at 36 CFR 1194.4 and in the FAR at 2.101.
Official document of policies and procedures for acquisition that is used by all executive agencies.
Federal government interagency effort to offer information and technical assistance to assist in the successful implementation of section 508.
Any equipment, or interconnected system or subsystem of equipment that is used in the automatic acquisition, storage, manipulation, management, movement, control, display, switching, interchange, transmission, or reception of data or information. This includes computers, ancillary equipment, software, support services, and related resources.
Part of the Workforce Reinvestment Act. Among other objectives, expanded and strengthened section 508 by creating binding, enforceable standards for technology accessibility and incorporating these standards into the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR).
Prohibits discrimination against persons with disabilities. This law applies to programs conducted by Federal agencies, those receiving Federal funds (such as colleges participating in Federal student loan programs) Federal employment, and employment practices of businesses with Federal contracts.
Requires manufacturers of telecommunications equipment and software to ensure that such equipment is accessible for persons with disabilities.
Mandates non-discrimination by the Federal government in its hiring practices and requires affirmative action in hiring, placement, and advancement of persons with disabilities.
Prohibits discrimination against persons with disabilities in programs that receive Federal funds.
Requires electronic and information technology developed, procured, maintained, or used by the Federal government be accessible to persons with disabilities.
Significant difficulty or expense.
The concept or philosophy for designing and delivering products and services that are usable by people with the widest possible range of functional capabilities. This includes products and services that are directly usable (without requiring assistive technologies) and those that are made compatible with assistive technologies.