Modern Langauges and Literatures Courses

Course Schedule

Course schedule for upcoming/previous semesters can be checked on the CUNYFirst website at http://bit.ly/course_schedule (Choose "Institution" and "Term". Then, type the course subject (e.g., ESL, ESR, ELJ, etc.). Select "Undergraduate LaGuardia CC" in Course Career and uncheck "Show Open Classes Only". Finally, click on "Search".)

Textbooks

If a continuing (102-level) course is not offered or cancelled (e-permit)

If any of our language courses is not offered or is cancelled, students can take an equivalent course on any CUNY campus using e-permit. Please visit http://www.lagcc.cuny.edu/Registrar/E-permit/ for more information about e-permit.

Those who want to take courses with e-permit should satisfy all of the following requirements:

  1. If a LaGuardia Community College course is either not being offered or closed, students may take courses on permit at other colleges throughout CUNY. Starting Spring 2007, students may apply for an ePermit by using the CUNY Portal. If you do not already have a CUNY Portal Account see CUNY Portal Instructions below.
  2. To be eligible to take a course on permit at another CUNY college:
    • Students must have a 2.0 (or higher) cumulative grade point average.
    • Students must currently be enrolled and in attendance at LaGuardia Community College.
    • The course must transfer back towards your LaGuardia degree. NOTE: Students cannot elect to take course(s) for "Pass/Fail" or "Credit/No Credit" at the host college. A letter grade must be awarded (A, A-, B+, etc.).
    • Students may take one or two courses only on permit per semester.
    • Students may only take the course for which they have received permission.
    • Approval of permit requests remains in the hands of the Department Chairpersons. If a request is denied, the student is notified electronically of the reason for the denial.

Just for clarification, in order to meet the third bullet of the requirements (i.e., "the course must transfer back LaGCC"), the course that a student is interested must have the same (or relatively similar) course title and the same number of credits as those for an equivalent course at LaGuardia. Students should check such information with the college catalogues of LaGuardia and the permit-in school.

Here are several important key steps for taking a modern language course with e-permit.

  1. Talk to the coordinator/chairperson (of the permit-out and permit-in campuses). Although it is not part of the formal request process, it is better to call or e-mail the program coordinator or the chairperson of, especially, the permit-in school.
  2. Make a backup plan. I've seen many students whose e-permit requests were rejected for various (sometimes unreasonable) reasons. Make sure to make some backup plan, especially if you are receiving financial aids and must be a full-time student.
  3. Find someone who has taken a class with e-permit. Go to C-107 and ask if anyone has taken a class at your permit-in school before. Talk to them and ask for advice.

Course flyers


Standards for Modern Language Courses: American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL)

Courses

Please refer to the 2012-2013 catalog for the latest list of course offerings.

  1. ELA101: Elementary Arabic 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed for beginners of Arabic and aims to develop students' listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in Arabic. An understanding of Arabic culture is nourished through the examination of cultural practices and perspectives. Students will learn Arabic pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary in the context of important aspects of the culture essential for effective communication. Note: Students must successfully complete ELA102 before receiving credit for ELA101.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA
  2. ELA102: Elementary Arabic 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is a continuation of ELA101 Elementary Arabic 1. The course is designed to further develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing within a cultural context.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELA101 or Exemption exam
  3. ELA105: Arabic for Heritage Speakers (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed to help heritage speakers of Arabic to enhance their reading and writing competence of the target language in the formal and high-level register. The course especially focuses on improving students' Arabic grammar, usage, and their critical reading and writing strategies in Arabic through project-based assignments. This course is taught in Arabic.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Placement Test
  4. ELA201: Modern Arabic Literature (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course will familiarize students with the literacy production of authors from the Arabic-speaking world. Reading and analysis of representative works of different styles, genres, and literay periods will be selected every semester. Thig course is taught in Arabic.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095, ENG098 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  5. ELA250: Modern Arabic Literature in Translation (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is a survey of modern Arabic literature in translation. It examines an array of literary writings from the late 19th century to the present and explores social, religious, and historical contexts in which these literary works were created. Readings include fiction, short stories, memoirs and polemical pieces as well as novels by Middle Eastern and North African writers. Particular attention is given to writings investigating contact between the Arab world and the West.     
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ENA/ENC/ENG101
  6. ELC101: Elementary Modern Chinese 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is for beginners of Modern Chinese (Mandarin) and aims to develop listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in Chinese. An understanding of Chinese culture is also nourished through the examination of cultural practices and perspectives. Students will learn Chinese pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary in the context of important aspects of the culture essential for effective communication. Note: Students must successfully complete ELC102 before credit is granted for ELC101.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095, ENG098 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA
  7. ELC102: Elementary Modern Chinese 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is a continuation of ELC101 and is designed to further develop students' language fluency and proficiency, and communication skills of the target language within a cultural and linguistic context. The basic Chinese writing system and characters will be introduced.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELC101 or Exemption exam
  8. ELC103: Intermediate Modern Chinese 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is a continuation of ELC102, Elementary Chinese 2. The purpose of the course is to help students build functional language proficiency and increase their ability to communicate in Chinese with confidence and ease. This course is taught mostly in Chinese.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELC102 or Exemption exam
  9. ELC105: Chinese for Heritage Speakers (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed to help heritage speakers of Chinese to enhance their reading and writing competence of the target language in the formal and high-level register. The course especially focuses on improving students' Chinese grammar, usage, and their critical reading and writing strategies in Chinese through project-based assignments. This course is mostly taught in Chinese.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  10. ELC106: Chinese for Heritage Speakers 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is a continuation of ELC105, Chinese for Heritage Speakers 1. This course is designed to help heritage speakers of Chinese to enhance their reading and writing competence of the target language in the formal and high-level register. The course especially focuses on improving students' Chinese grammar, usage, and their critical reading and writing strategies in Chinese through project-based assignments. This course is taught in Chinese.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  11. ELC150: Skills Maintenance in Modern Language (0 lecture hrs, 2 lab hour(s), 1 credits)
    This laboratory course is designed to maintain foreign language skills during an interruption in the study sequence. Individual instruction is directly related to a student's particular field of interest. Hours are individually arranged.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELC101
  12. ELC201: Modern Chinese Literature (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course introduces students to modern Chinese literature and culture. Readings will be taken from various genres of literature, with an emphasis on modern Chinese literary expression. The course aims at strengthening the student's ability to read and discuss literature in Chinese. Special attention will be paid to the Chinese literary tradition and its relationship to Western literature.
    Prerequisites: CSE098 or CSE099 and ENA099 or ENG099 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELC103 or Exemption Exam
  13. ELC202: Contemporary Chinese Literature (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is an introduction to contemporary Chinese literature. It aims at familiarizing students with the literature written in Chinese from 1949 to the present, and the concomitant transformation of Chinese socio-cultural milieu since the creation of the People's Republic of China. This course is taught in Chinese.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  14. ELC203: Classic Chinese Literature (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is an introduction to classical Chinese literature. It aims at strengthening students' ability to read and comprehend original texts written in wen yan wen, classical written Chinese. Furthermore, it enables students to have direct, zero-distance contact with genuine Chinese culture and ideology. This course is taught in Chinese.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  15. ELC250: Chinese Literature in English Translation (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is an introduction to Chinese literature in English translation. Students will read and discuss selected philosophical and historical writings, poetry, prose, fiction, and drama from the Zhou Dynasty to the modern period, including Tang poems, Yuan plays, and the modern novel. Thematic and stylistic variety of the various genres will be explored. Knowledge of the Chinese language is not required.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ENA/ENC/ENG101
  16. ELF101: Elementary French 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed for beginners of French and aims to develop students' listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in French. An understanding of Francophone culture is nourished through the examination of cultural practices and perspectives. Students will learn French pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary in the context of important aspects of the culture essential for effective communication. Note: Students must successfully complete ELF102 before receiving credit for ELF101.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA
  17. ELF102: Elementary French 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is a continuation of ELF101 Elementary French 1. The course is designed to further develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing within a cultural context.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELF101 or Exemption exam
  18. ELF103: Intermediate French 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is a continuation of ELF102 Elementary French 2. The purpose of the course is to help students build functional language proficiency and increase their ability to communicate in French with confidence and ease. This course is taught mostly in French.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELF102 or Exemption exam
  19. ELF105: French for Heritage Speakers (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed to help heritage speakers of French to enhance their reading and writing competence of the target language in the formal and high-level register. The course especially focuses on improving students' French grammar, usage, and their critical reading and writing strategies in French through project-based assignments. This course is mostly taught in French.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  20. ELF150: Skills Maintenance in Modern Language (0 lecture hrs, 2 lab hour(s), 1 credits)
    This laboratory course is designed to maintain foreign language skills during an interruption in the study sequence. Individual instruction is directly related to a student's particular field of interest. Hours are individually arranged.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELF101
  21. ELF201: French Literature from a Global Perspective (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is an introduction to the literature and culture of French speaking countries through various forms of literary expression. Readings and discussions will emphasize the rich contributions of African, Caribbean and North American writers and artists, as well as responses to them from France and the United States.
    Prerequisites: CSE099 and ESW099 or EG099 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELF103 or Placement exam
  22. ELF250: Contemporary Francophone Literature in Translation (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course examines the thematic and stylistic variety of contemporary French language literature in different genres in English translation. Students will explore themes of identity, memory, time, sex and sexuality, the Pan-African diaspora, colonial and post-colonial relations, the Enlightenment heritage, the links to national and international movements, and the politics of resistance and language choice through the analysis of representative poems, stories, novellas and novels.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ENG101
  23. ELG103: Intermediate Greek (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed to further develop language skills. The relationship between speaking, reading and writing is emphasized.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA
  24. ELH101: Elementary Hebrew I (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course for beginners is designed to develop listening, speaking, reading and writing skills through work in the classroom and the language laboratory.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA
  25. ELH102: Elementary Hebrew II (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is a continuation of Elementary Hebrew I. It is designed to further develop listening, speaking, reading and writing through work in the classroom and the language laboratory.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELH101 or Exemption exam
  26. ELH201: Contemporary Hebrew Literature (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is an introduction to literature written in modern Hebrew and the culture of Israel. Its goal is to familiarize students with an author, a genre or a theme and to explore the socio-cultural milieu in which it developed.This course is taught in modern Hebrew.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095, ENG098 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  27. ELI101: Elementary Italian 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed for beginners of Italian and aims to develop students' listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in Italian. An understanding of Italian culture is nourished through the examination of cultural practices and perspectives. Students will learn Italian pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary in the context of important aspects of the culture essential for effective communication. Note: Students must successfully complete ELI 102 before receiving credit for ELI 101.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA
  28. ELI102: Elementary Italian 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is a continuation of ELI101, Elementary Italian 1 and is designed to further develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing within a cultural context. Students will learn more about Italian pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary in selected cultural contexts.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELI101 or Exemption exam
  29. ELI103: Intermediate Italian 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed to further develop functional language proficiency and increase the ability to communicate accurately in Italian within a socio-cultural context. The four communicative skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing are emphasized with particular attention paid to sentence and paragraph structure, grammatical features, and oral and written fluency. This course is taught mostly in Italian.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  30. ELI107: Italian for Spanish Speakers (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed as an accelerated introduction to Italian for Spanish-speaking students with native or near-native proficiency. Traditional and innovative approaches will be used to develop communication skills - understanding, speaking, reading and writing. Students will also be introduced to Italian culture through readings, images, lectures, music and film. The course is conducted in Italian.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  31. ELI150: Skills Maintenance in Modern Language (0 lecture hrs, 2 lab hour(s), 1 credits)
    This laboratory course is designed to maintain foreign language skills during an interruption in the study sequence. Individual instruction is directly related to a student's particular field of interest. Hours are individually arranged.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELI101
  32. ELI200: Social Themes in Italian Literature (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course offers an introduction to Italian literature and its relationship to the dynamics of social change. Through reading, individual research, attendance of plays and films, the student will have the opportunity to explore the different forms of literary expression and the social values they reflect.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095, ENG099 and ESL098 | College-level Prerequisites: ELI103 or Exemption exam
  33. ELI250: Italian Literature in Translation (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This introduction to Italian literature begins with a discussion of Dante's Hell as a medieval outcry against political corruption. The course concludes with Italo Calvino's twentieth-century portrait of a man who takes to the trees as a form of social commentary. The class will explore literary themes in social and political context through diverse media. The course will be conducted in English, and students will read the literary works in English translation.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095, ENG099 and ESL098 | College-level Prerequisites: ENG099
  34. ELJ101: Elementary Japanese 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course aims to develop listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in Japanese. Knowledge and understanding of Japanese culture are also nourished through the examination of cultural practices, products, and perspectives. Writing and reading of hiragana and katakana skills will be introduced as well. Note: Students proficient in Japanese must take higher-level courses appropriate for their proficiency levels. Also, a student must successfully complete ELJ102 before credit is granted for ELJ101.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA
  35. ELJ102: Elementary Japanese 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is a continuation of ELJ101 Elementary Japanese 1. The course is designed to further develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing within a cultural context. While the main emphasis is on the spoken language, reading and writing of the Japanese scripts, including approximately 50-60 kanji characters, will be gradually reinforced.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELJ101 or Exemption exam
  36. ELJ103: Intermediate Japanese 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is a continuation of ELJ102 Elementary Japanese 2. The course is designed to further develop functional language proficiency and increase students' ability to communicate accurately in Japanese within a socio-cultural context. The four communicative skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing are emphasized. Particular attention is paid to sentence and paragraph structure, grammatical features, and oral and written fluency. The kanji writing system will be reinforced.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELJ102 or Exemption exam
  37. ELJ104: Intermediate Japanese 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is a continuation of ELJ103 and focuses on developing students' reading and writing fluency in Japanese and the proper use of Japanese in cultural contexts.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELJ103 or Exemption exam
  38. ELJ105: Japanese for Heritage Speakers (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed to help heritage speakers of Japanese to enhance their reading and writing competence of the target language in the formal and high-level register. The class especially focuses on Japanese grammar, usage, and students' critical reading and writing strategies in Japanese through project-based assignments.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  39. ELJ110: Intensive Japanese 1 & 2 (6 lecture hrs, 2 lab hour(s), 4 credits)
    This course is an intensive course for beginners using a communicative approach to develop conversational skills and provide the student with a foundation in Japanese grammar, pronunciation, vocabularay, and familiarity with the culture of Japanese-speaking people. This course is equivalent to ELJ101-102, and it is not open to native or heritage speakers of Japanese.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: ESL098 | College-level Prerequisites: NA
  40. ELJ201: Modern Japanese Literature (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course will familiarize students with modern Japanese literature through selected readings of representative authors from the Meiji, Taisho, Showa, and post-war periods. The class explores, analyzes and interprets literary works in social and historical backgrounds of contemporary Japan. Authors' artistry judgments will also be discussed. All readings are in Japanese.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  41. ELJ250: Japanese Literature in Translation (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is an introduction to Japanese literature in English translation. Selected classics of Japanese literature, representative of the major genres from the early to the modern period, will be read and discussed. Thematic and stylistic variety of various genres will be explored. Knowledge of the Japanese language is not required.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ENA/ENC/ENG101
  42. ELK101: Elementary Korean 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is for beginners of Korean and aims to develop listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in Korean. An understanding of Korean culture is also nourished through the examination of cultural practices and perspectives. Students will learn Korean pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary. The Korean script Hangeul will be introduced from the beginning of the course. Note: students must successfully complete ELK102 before credit toward graduation is granted for ELK101 Elementary Korean 1.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA
  43. ELK102: Elementary Korean 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is a continuation of ELK101 Elementary Korean 1 and is designed to further develop students' language fluency, proficiency and communication skills in the target language within a cultural and linguistic context.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELK101 or Exemption exam
  44. ELK103: Intermediate Korean 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is a continuation of ELK102. The purpose of the course is to help students build functional language proficiency and increase their ability to communicate in Korean with confidence and ease. This course is taught mostly in Korean.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELK102 or Exemption exam
  45. ELK105: Korean for Heritage Speakers (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed to help heritage speakers of Korean to enhance their reading and writing competence of the target language in the formal and high-level register. The course especially focuses on improving students' Korean grammar, usage, and their critical reading and writing strategies in Korean through project-based assignments. This course is mostly taught in Korean.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  46. ELK150: Skills Maintenance in Modern Language (0 lecture hrs, 2 lab hour(s), 1 credits)
    This laboratory course is designed to maintain foreign language skills during an interruption in the study sequence. Individual instruction is directly related to a student's particular field of interest. Hours are individually arranged.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELK101
  47. ELK201: Modern Korean Literature (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course will familiarize students with modern Korean literature through selected readings of representative authors from 1910 to present. The class explores, analyzes and interprets literary works reflecting major sociopolitical and historical movements, including conflicts between tradition and modernity, colonialism, construction of national identity, the Korean War and national division, and industrialization. This course is taught in Korean.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  48. ELK250: Modern Korean Literature in Translation (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course will familiarize students with modern Korean literature through selected readings of representative authors from 1910 to present in English translation. The class explores, analyzes and interprets literary works reflecting major sociopolitical and historical movements, including conflicts between tradition and modernity, colonialism, construction of national identity, the Korean War and national division, and industrialization. Knowledge of the Korean language is not required.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ENA/ENC/ENG101
  49. ELM101: American Sign Language 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course introduces the fundamentals of American Sign Language (ASL) as used by the Deaf community, including vocabulary, syntax, grammar, semantics, language in use and Deaf cultural notes. It focuses on the development of language and communication competencies.
    Prerequisites: CSE099, ESA/ENG/ENA099, MAT096 and ESL099 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: NA
  50. ELM102: American Sign Language 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course builds on the foundations of American Sign Language 1 (ELM 101). The course focuses on American Sign Language as used by the Deaf community and includes instruction in vocabulary, syntax, grammar, semantics, language in use and Deaf cultural behavior. The course focuses on the development of language and communication competencies.
    Prerequisites: CSE099, ESA/ENG/ENA099, MAT096 and ESL099 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELM101
  51. ELM103: American Sign Language 3 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course builds on students' ASL competences and their use of ASL in a variety of discourse and narrative settings. Skills to be developed are: spatial organization, semantic awareness, complex use of ASL grammar and syntax, the use of classifiers, cultural perspectives of content and Deaf people's views of both Deaf and hearing worlds.
    Prerequisites: CSE099, ESA/ENG/ENA099, MAT096 and ESL099 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: Prerequisite: ELM 102 with a passing grade of C+ or better
  52. ELM104: American Sign Language 4 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course focuses on the advanced development of students' ASL competences and their use of ASL in a variety of discourse and narrative settings. Skills to be developed are: spatial organization, spatial visualization and mapping work; analysis of semantics, complex use of ASL grammar and syntax, the use of classifiers, and cultural perspectives of contents and Deaf culture and bilingual perspectives.
    Prerequisites: CSE099, ESA/ENG/ENA099, MAT096 and ESL099 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: Prerequisite: ELM 103 with a passing grade of C+ or better
  53. ELM111: ASL Fingerspelling, Numbers and Glossing 1 (1 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 1 credits)
    This course introduces the fundamentals of American Sign Language (ASL) fingerspelling , numbers and glossing. It focuses on the development of ASL parameters, including hand shapes, orientation, location, movement and non-manual signals.
    Prerequisites: CSE099, ESA/ENG/ENA099, MAT096 and ESL099 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELM102
  54. ELM112: Fingerspelling, Numbers and Glossing 2 (2 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 2 credits)
    This course builds on the foundations of American Sign Language (ASL) fingerspelling, numbering and glossing covered in ELM 111. The course focuses on the further development of ASL parameters, including hand shapes, orientation, location, movement and non-manual signs.
    Prerequisites: CSE099, ESA/ENG/ENA099, MAT096 and ESL099 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELM111 and ELM103
  55. ELN101: Introduction to Bilingualism (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits, Urban Study/Writing Intensive)
    The course provides a general introduction to bilingualism. It covers the rationale, principles and applications of a bilingual philosophy of learning. It considers cognitive, psycholinguistic, social and political aspects of bilingualism. It examines language acquisition theories and issues of language and culture maintenance. It also introduces models of bilingual education and bilingual instruction, including past and present legislation. Experiential learning constitutes a significant part of the course.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE099, ENA/ENG099, ENC101, and ESA099 | College-level Prerequisites: NA
  56. ELN105: Languages of the World and of New York City (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits, Urban Study/Writing Intensive)
    This course explores language use and language history, particularly in the New York metropolitan area. It is an investigation of the features of indigenous languages of the Americas as well as those belonging to the influx of languages from around the world, revealing their deep-seated similarities and surprising differences. It examines the preservation and change of languages and their use in cultural communities in the urban setting.
    Prerequisites: CSE099, ENA/ENG/ESA099 and ESR099/ESL099 | Co/Pre-Requisites: MAT095 | College-level Prerequisites: NA
  57. ELN194: The Puerto Rican Community Minority Group Experience (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits, Urban Study/Writing Intensive)
    This course examines the Puerto Rican community in order to provide an enhanced awareness of and sensitivity to the value systems of New York City's minorities. Students will experience firsthand the cultural heritage of one of the city's largest minorities and will learn about their contributions, conditions, and problems. Field trips will include El Barrio, Office of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Puerto Rican Traveling Theatre, and other organizations.
    Prerequisites: CSE098 and ENG099 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: NA
  58. ELP101: Elementary Polish 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed for beginners of Polish and aims to develop students' listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in Polish. An understanding of Polish culture is nourished through the examination of cultural practices and perspectives. Students will learn Polish pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary in the context of important aspects of the culture essential for effective communication. Note: Students must successfully complete ELP102 before receiving credit for ELP101.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA
  59. ELP102: Elementary Polish 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is a continuation of ELP101 Elementary Polish 1. The course is designed to further develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing within a cultural context.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELP101 or Exemption exam
  60. ELP103: Intermediate Polish 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is a continuation of ELP102 Elementary Polish 2. The purpose of the course is to help students build functional language proficiency and increase their ability to communicate in Polish with confidence and ease. This course is taught mostly in Polish.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELP102 or Exemption exam
  61. ELP105: Polish for Heritage Speakers (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed to help heritage speakers of Polish to enhance their reading and writing competence of the target language in the academic and formal register. Students will acquire skills that range from learning grammar and spelling, and developing vocabulary, to interpretation and analysis of different literary genres. Students will explore a broad variety of cultural themes. Topics will include: Polish literature - classic and modern, social life, contemporary affairs and films.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  62. ELP150: Skills Maintenance in Modern Language (0 lecture hrs, 2 lab hour(s), 1 credits)
    This laboratory course is designed to maintain foreign language skills during an interruption in the study sequence. Individual instruction is directly related to a student's particular field of interest. Hours are individually arranged.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELP101
  63. ELP201: Modern Polish Literature (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    Introduction to the literature and literary criticism of nineteenth- and twentieth-century Polish writers. An examination of artistic, literary and intelectual movements on the background of European political events from the perion of partitions, through independent statehood, German occupation and the communist experiment. The themes of national and linguistic identity within major literary and philosophical works are explored. Authors include Nalkowska, Schulz, Witkiewicz, Gombrowicz and Lem.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  64. ELR101: Elementary Russian 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed for beginners of Russian and aims to develop students' listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in Russian. An understanding of Russian culture is nourished through the examination of cultural practices and perspectives. Students will learn Russian pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary in the context of important aspects of the culture essential for effective communication. Note: Students must successfully complete ELR 102 before receiving credit for ELR 101.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA
  65. ELR102: Elementary Russian 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is a continuation of ELR101 Elementary Russian 1. The course is designed to further develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing within a cultural context.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELR101 or Exemption exam
  66. ELR103: Intermediate Russian 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed to further develop functional language proficiency and increase the ability to communicate accurately in Russian within a socio-cultural context. The four communicative skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing are emphasized with particular attention paid to sentence and paragraph structure, grammatical features, and oral and written fluency. This course is taught mostly in Russian.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELR102 or Exemption exam
  67. ELR105: Russian for Heritage Speakers (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed to help heritage speakers of Russian to enhance their reading and writing competence of the target language in the formal and high-level register. The course especially focuses on improving students' Russian grammar, usage, and their critical reading and writing strategies in Russian through project-based assignments. This course is mostly taught in Russian.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  68. ELR110: Intensive Elementary Russian 1 & 2 (6 lecture hrs, 2 lab hour(s), 6 credits)
    This is an intensive course for beginners using a communicative approach to develop conversational skills and provide the student with a foundation in Russian grammar, pronunciation, vocabulary, and familiarity with the culture of Russian-speaking peoples. The Cyrillic alphabet will be introduced from the onset. This course is not open to native or heritage speakers of Russian. This course is equivalent to ELR101-102, and it is not open to native or heritage speakers of Russian.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095, ENG098 and ESL098 | College-level Prerequisites: NA
  69. ELR201: Russian Literature of the 20th Century (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course will familialize students with key works by Russian writers from the end of the tsarist monarchy to the present.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  70. ELR250: 20th-Century Russian Literature in Translation (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is an introduction to Russian literature of the twentieth century in English translation. Selected texts covering the major genres and movements will be read, discussed, and explored. Texts are analyzed in terms of their ethical implications in the context of local and national ideologies of Russia in the 20th century. Works will be interpreted as reflecting norms and values of social and invidiual facts of the time. Knowledge of Russian is not required.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ENA/ENC/ENG101
  71. ELS101: Elementary Spanish 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course aims to develop listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in Spansh. Knowledge and understanding of Spanish culture is also nourished through the examination of cultural practices, products, and perspectives. Note: This class is not for native or heritage speakers of Spanish. Students proficient in Spanish and heritage speakers must take higher-level courses appropriate to their proficiency levels. Also, a student must successfully complete ELS102 before credit is granted for ELS101.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA
  72. ELS102: Elementary Spanish 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is a continuation of ELS101 Elementary Spanish 1. It is designed to further develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing within a cultural context. This class is not for native or heritage speakers of Spanish. Students proficient in Spanish and heritage speakers must take higher-level courses appropriate to their proficiency levels. Also, a student must successfully complete ELS102 before credit is granted for ELS101.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELS101 or Exemption exam
  73. ELS103: Intermediate Spanish 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed to further develop functional language proficiency and increase the ability to communicate accurately in Spanish within a socio-cultural context. The four communicative skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing are emphasized with particular attention to sentence and paragraph structure, grammatical features, and oral and written fluency. This course is taught mostly in Spanish.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELS102 or Exemption exam
  74. ELS104: Intermediate Spanish 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is a continuation of ELS103 and focuses on developing students' reading and writing fluency in Spanish and the proper use of Spanish in cultural contexts.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELS103 or Exemption exam
  75. ELS105: Spanish for Heritage Speakers 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed to help heritage speakers of Spanish to enhance their reading and writing competence of the target language in their formal and high-level register. The course especially focuses on Spanish grammar, usage, and students' critical reading and writing strategies in Spanish through project-based assignments. This course is taught in Spanish.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  76. ELS106: Spanish for Heritage Speakers 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is a continuation of ELS105, Spanish for Heritage Speakers 1. This course is designed to help heritage speakers of Spanish to enhance their reading and writing competence of the target language in the formal and high-level register. The course especially focuses on improving students' Spanish grammar, usage, and their critical reading and writing strategies in Spanish through project-based assignments. This course is taught in Spanish.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELS105 or Exemption exam
  77. ELS110: Intensive Elementary Spanish 1 & 2 (6 lecture hrs, 2 lab hour(s), 6 credits)
    This course is an intensive course for beginners using a communicative approach to develop conversational skills and provide the student with a foundation in Spanish grammar, pronunciation, vocabulary, and familiarity with the culture of Spanish-speaking people. This course is equivalent to ELS101-102, and it is not open to native or heritage speakers of Spanish.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: NA
  78. ELS115: Spanish for Healthcare Professionals (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course will teach basic Spanish language in the context of a diverse clinical and community setting using the communicative approach. It will focus primarily on fundamental language structures, medical terminology and cultural issues that will allow a successful interaction between healthcare workers and Hispanic patients/clients. This is an introductory course which requires little or no experience in Spanish and is closed to native speakers of Spanish.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: NA
  79. ELS150: Skills Maintenance in Modern Language (0 lecture hrs, 2 lab hour(s), 1 credits)
    This laboratory course is designed to maintain foreign language skills during an interruption in the study sequence. Individual instruction is directly related to a student's particular field of interest. Hours are individually arranged.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELS101
  80. ELS200: Latin American Literature I (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course deals with an introduction to Latin American literature and its relationship to the dynamics of social change. The course also traces the influence of European, North American, African and pre-Columbian elements on Latin American literary movements. Topics include pre-Columbian literatures, colonization and exploration, the wars of independence and abolition.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  81. ELS201: Latin American Literature II (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is a continuation of Latin American Literature I. The second term deals with urbanization, social consciousness, alienation, black awareness and the new revolutions.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  82. ELS204: Latin American Civilizations (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course deals with an in-depth study of the peoples and cultural institutions of Latin America through the examination of selected topics such as caudillismo, machismo, mestizaje, honor, slavery and aboriginal traditions as reflected in different forms of literary and artistic expression. Students will learn to comment critically on Latin American civilization and to make significant comparisons with their own backgrounds and experiences.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  83. ELS205: Latin American Civilizations (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course deals with an in-depth study of peoples and cultural institutions of Latin America through the examination of selected topics such as caulillismo, machismo, mestizaje, honor, slavery and aboriginal traditions as reflected in different forms of literary and artistic expression. Students will learn to comment critically on Latin American civilization and to make significant comparisons with their own backgrounds and experiences. In English. No exemption credit in Spanish.
    Prerequisites: CSE099, ENA/ENG/ESA099 and ENC101 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: NA
  84. ELS209: Spanish Grammar and Usage (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed as a descriptive study of the structure of the Spanish language, while offering writing practice through the analysis of lexical and morphological variations and differences in register in selected texts. Students will analyze Spanish syntax, increase their understanding of the structures of Spanish and develop stylistically correct prose. They will also be able to recognize dialectical variations, differences in register, and linguistic calques. Taught in Spanish.
    Prerequisites: CSE099, ENG099, ENA099, ESA099, and ESL099 | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ENG101/ENC101, ELS210, and ELL101
  85. ELS210: Advanced Spanish Composition (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed as an introduction to the study of fiction and stylistics in the Spanish language. Students learn to identify and utilize effective communicative strategies in written Spanish. They also build an adequate vocabulary for career or academic purposes. Weekly assignments will stress critical and composition skills.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELS105 or Exemption Exam
  86. ELS211: Spanish Literature 1 (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course will familiarize students with the literature of Spain from the Middle Ages through the 1700. Students will read and analyze representative works of different styles, genres and literary periods selected every semester. This course is taught in Spanish.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELS105 or Exemption Exam
  87. ELS212: Spanish Literature 2 (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course traces the development of peninsular Spanish literature from Romanticism to the present. Students will learn about the thematic, stylistic and ideological characteristics of representative movements such as romanticismo, realismo, costumbrismo, Generacion del 98, Generacion del 27, vanguardismo and pre and post Civil War neorrealismo. Feminist literature will also be considered. The course will include genre theory as it pertains to poetry drama, the short story, the novel and the essay. In Spanish.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095, ENG098, ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELS105 or Exemption exam
  88. ELS215: Introduction to Hispanic Literature (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed to introduce students to Hispanic --Spanish and Latin American -- fiction, poetry, and drama through readings of representative authors from major periods, and to familiarize students with the basic tools and methodology of literary analysis. This course is taught in Spanish.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELS106 or Exemption Exam
  89. ELS220: Spanish for Global Business (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    The course is designed to enable the student to become familiar with the culture of the business world in Spanish-speaking countries and with basic concepts of business, economics and finance. Emphasis is placed on both oral and written communications that are standard in Latin American and Spanish business settings. Students will build language skills around pertinent terminology and develop a cross-cultural understanding of different styles of conducting business.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELS105 or Exemption Exam
  90. ELS230: History of the Spanish Language (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course traces the development of the Spanish language from the Vulgar Latin of the Middle Ages to contemporary Standard Spanish. The course focuses on the historical and cultural factors that determined changes in the morphological, lexical, phonological, semantic and syntactic development of modern Spanish. The influence of Arabic, the Amerindian and African languages, as well as contact with modern English will be considered. Taught in Spanish.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ELL101 and ELS105 or Exemption Exam
  91. ELS250: Contemporary Latin American Fiction in Translation (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course explores the thematic and stylistic variety of contemporary Latin American fiction in English translation. Students will explore the themes of dictatorship, struggle with nature, the plight of natives, mestizaje, social and political unrest and alienation through the analysis of representative stories, novellas and novels. Experimental and fantastic fiction will also be considered. Students will learn about the literary movements that influenced the writers in question.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: ENA/ENC/ENG101
  92. ELS270: Literature of the Caribbean (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course deals with a comparative study of the novel, drama, poetry, and essay of the countries in the Caribbean basin. Course content will change according to instructor and student preferences. Representative authors may include Marti, Hostos, Llorens Torres, Guillen, Lezama Lima, Mir, Bosch, Cesaire, Carpentier and Ferre.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: NA | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  93. ELT101: Elementary Tibetan 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This is a course for those with little or no understanding of Tibetan. The course will focus on development of aural comprehension, and speaking and reading skills. Students will be expected to correctly produce the Tibetan sound system, master and reproduce basic sentence patterns, and achieve the ability to engage in basic Tibetan conversation.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA
  94. ELT102: Elementary Tibetan 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is a continuation of Elementary Tibetan 1. The course will focus on development of aural comprehension, speaking and reading skills. Students will be expected to correctly produce the Tibetan sound system, master and reproduce basic sentence patterns, and achieve the ability to engage in basic Tibetan conversation at an advanced basic to low intermediate level.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: ELT101 or Exemption exam
  95. ELT105: Tibetan for Heritage Speakers (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed for heritage speakers of Tibetan. Communicative approach is used to develop conversational skills and provide the student with a foundation in grammar, pronunciation and vocabulary. The main goal is that students improve their knowledge of Tibetan language and culture through reading selected literary and sacred texts. This class is taught in Tibetan.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  96. ELV101: Elementary Bengali 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course for beginners is designed to develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills within a sociolinguistic context of Bengali-speaking people through work in the classroom and the language laboratory.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE099 and ENA/ENG/ESA099/ENC101 | College-level Prerequisites: NA
  97. ELV102: Elementary Bengali 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is a continuation of ELV101. Listening, speaking, reading and writing skills will be further developed within a sociolinguistic context of Bengali-speaking peoples through work in the classroom and the language laboratory. All writing will be done using Bengali script.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE099 and ENA/ENG/ESA099/ENC101 | College-level Prerequisites: ELV101 or Exemption exam
  98. ELV103: Intermediate Bengali (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed to further develop functional language proficiency and increase the ability to communicate accurately in Bengali within a socio-cultural context. The four communicative skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing are emphasized with particular attention paid to sentence and paragraph structure, grammatical features, and oral and written fluency. The Bengali writing system will be reinforced. Taught in Bengali.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE099 and ENA/ENG/ESA099/ENC101 | College-level Prerequisites: ELV102 or Exemption exam
  99. ELV105: Bengali for Heritage Students (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed to enable heritage speakers of Bengali to enhance their reading and writing competence through a review of grammar and usage, basic composition strategies and analysis of primary material in the language. This course is taught in Bengali.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  100. ELV201: Modern Bengali Literature (3 lecture hrs, 0 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course will familiarize students with modern Bengali literature through selected readings from various genres. Representative authors from West Bengal and Bangladesh will be studied. This course is taught in Bengali.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam
  101. ELZ101: Elementary Portuguese 1 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed for beginners of Portuguese and aims to develop students' listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in Portuguese. An understanding of Portuguese language is nourished through the examination of cultural practices and perspectives. Students will learn Portuguese pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary in the context of important aspects of the culture essential for effective communication. Note: Students must successfully complete ELZ102 before receiving credit for ELZ101.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: NA
  102. ELZ102: Elementary Portuguese 2 (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is a continuation of ELZ101 Elementary Portuguese 1. The course is designed to further develop listening, speaking, reading, and writing within a cultural context.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE099 and ENA/ENG/ESA099/ENC101 | College-level Prerequisites: ELZ101 or Exemption exam
  103. ELZ107: Portuguese for Spanish Speakers (3 lecture hrs, 1 lab hour(s), 3 credits)
    This course is designed as an accelerated introduction to Portuguese for Spanish-speaking students with native or near-native proficiency. Traditional and innovative approaches will be used to develop communication skills - understanding, speaking, reading and writing. Students will also be introduced to Portuguese culture through readings, images, lectures, music and film. The course is conducted in Portuguese.
    Prerequisites: NA | Co/Pre-Requisites: CSE095 and ESL097 | College-level Prerequisites: Exemption Exam