Professor Lisa O'Donnell MS, RN
E300C 718-482-5248/5774 email me
The Practical Nursing Program (LPN), coordinated by the Health Sciences
Department, offers a certificate in Practical Nursing. Graduates will be
eligible to sit for the National Council of State Boards Licensure
Examination for Practical Nurse (NCLEX-PN).
The Practical Nursing Program (PNP) at LaGuardia Community College is in response to the growing
need for skilled health care personnel who can provide care at the practical nursing level and are
motivated to continue in the Nursing Profession. The Practical Nursing Program was approved in July
2004 by the New York State Education Department
A forty-eight (48) credit, certificate-bearing program has been organized to be
rigorous, but supportive of the adult-learners from diverse cultural and literacy
experiences. Beginning Fall 2009, the Practical Nursing Certificate Program
will provide students with the opportunity to complete the courses of study in
ten (10) months after completing the pre-clinical core educational courses. By
February 2010 following the graduation of students who entered March 2009
into the original 12 month program, the 12 month Practical Nurse Certificate
Program should be completely phased out by February 2010 when the class
graduates. The new tenth month program will admit students only once per
year each Fall I semester.
The program prepares men and
women to function as practical nurses performing tasks and responsibilities within the framework of
case-findings, health teaching, health counseling, provision of supportive and restorative care in
healthcare facilities that offer chronic and acute care services.
Completion of the recommended courses includes a pre-clinical sequence, followed by two
twelve-week and one six-week semesters. Clinical experience in area institutions will
supplement classroom theory learning by providing nursing practice in a variety of settings,
including hospitals, nursing homes, and community health care facilities. The curriculum is
designed for individuals with a high school diploma or G.E.D who meet all other academic
requirements of the College and the Practical Nursing Program.
The curriculum moves from the simple to the complex, with each course providing
foundation information necessary for successful progression to the next semester. For that
reason, students must move through a prescribed curriculum and may not take courses out
of sequence. Successful completion of all first semester courses is a prerequisite for
enrollment in the second semester. Students will be dropped from the program for grades
less than “C” in nursing and support courses. In addition to maintaining a grade of
“C” in nursing and general education courses, a requirement for completion of the
curriculum is satisfactory evaluation in each clinical area.
Additionally, students must complete a final comprehensive nursing exam and earn a
passing grade on a final dosage calculation examination that is given to confirm that exit
criteria have been met for graduation and employment eligibility.
Total Practical Nursing Credits = 29Total General Education Credits =19 Total Curriculum Credits = 4 8
Basic Skills Pre-requisites
*CSE094/095, ENG099, **CSE098/099, ENG099, MAT 096. (pre-requisite for SSY101needed for SSY240)
All Clinical learning experiences will be held in area health care facilities. All nursing courses must be taken in sequence.
All course descriptions, as well as pre-and co-requisites can be found in the college catalog.
Current laws generally permit a state licensing board or agency to deny a license to
practice nursing if the applicant has been convicted of a felony or other specified crime.
Like many state licensing boards, the Office of the Professions of the New York State
Education Department requires that a criminal background check be conducted prior to
granting a license to practice nursing. Questions should be directed to the NYS Office
of Professions at www.op.nysed.gov.
The Nursing Program at LaGuardia Community College does not require a criminal
background check, but the educational requirements include placement at one or more
hospitals or other off campus clinical training sites, and these sites frequently require a
student to undergo a criminal background check before the student can be placed for
clinical learning experience. If, based upon the results of a criminal background check,
the site determines that a student's participation in its clinical training program would
not be in the best interest of the site, the site may deny that student admission to the
training program. Even if the student has already begun the placement when the results
are received, the site may elect to dismiss the student, regardless of the student's
performance while in the training program.
Each clinical training site that requires a criminal background check sets its own
standards and procedures, and you may be asked by the site to pay the cost of the
background check. You may also have to complete more than one criminal background
checks during the course of the Nursing program at LaGuardia Community College,
depending on the number of sites where you are placed and the requirements of each
Please note that if a clinical training site determines that you may not take part in its
training program based on the results of a criminal background check, you may be
unable to complete your course requirements and to continue in the Nursing program. It
is important for you to consider this before you enroll in the Nursing program.
LaGuardia Community College has no obligation to refund your tuition or fees or to
otherwise accommodate you in the event you are ineligible to complete your course
requirements based on the results of a criminal background check, or if you are denied
a license to practice nursing.
The philosophy of the Practical Nursing Program is in accordance with the philosophy of
LaGuardia Community College and the Department of Health Science and expresses the faculty’s beliefs
about human beings, health, nursing, nursing education and role of the practical nurse in society. In
acknowledgement of changing health care needs in the Greater Metropolitan area, the curriculum is
designed around the belief that a practical nurse can perform tasks and provide client care by using the
tools of case-finding, health teaching and counseling. The faculty believes that the practical nurse must
be committed to promoting and maintaining health by providing therapeutic supportive, rehabilitative
and evaluative services to human beings under the supervision of a registered nurse. Practical Nursing is
a creative, imaginative service-oriented occupation, encompassing a high degree of responsibility,
accountability and competency with emphasis placed upon promoting and maintaining high level
wellness of human beings within a holistic context.
Further, nursing education is the framework for learning and learning is a natural, dynamic
process that enables the student to acquire knowledge, integrate new information, develop rational
thought processes, analyze problems and make effective decisions. Nursing education should foster a
life-long process of self directed inquiry to meet individual needs and goals, and learning is a life long
endeavor which is constantly evolving as a result of the rapidly changing technological advances in the
environment. As a result, the dramatic changes in the roles and responsibilities of the Practical Nurse
warrant a curriculum that is academic, career-oriented in nature and is flexible and adaptable to the
needs of the unique student population. Therefore, an educational experience, based on previously
acquired basic concepts and skills is needed to enable interested men and women to become Practical
Nurses, without unnecessary delays or barriers.
The dynamic state of nursing education justifies the need for continuous formal and informal
experiences. In order to prepare practical nursing students to be part of the health care team and to
provide services to the individual, the family and the community, specific principles of education will be
applied and adhered to throughout the educational process of the program. The nursing educator, as a
facilitator of the learning process, encourages students’ individual initiative and independence of
thought. Practical Nursing students will be encouraged to inquire, analyze, synthesize and generalize in
order to prepare them to make relevant contributions to society. The curriculum accomplishes this by
integrating the fundamentals of biological and applied sciences learned in the Liberal Arts and
Sciences Core courses, Maslow’s Hierarchy of Basic Human Needs, the Nursing Process and
Critical Thinking Development in all Nursing Clinical Core courses.
The curriculum is based on the premise that society is a social system of interrelated subsystems
(individual, families, groups and communities) interacting with the environment to meet specific human
needs. Society encompasses a multicultural facet uniquely engaging in interaction for the purposes of
education, the transmission of values and the mutual protection and welfare of all people. Therefore, the
individual is an integrated whole whose behavior is motivated by the drive to seek satisfaction of basic
human needs as theorized by Maslow (1970). As a part of a family, group, community and society, the
individual exists in a complementary relationship with the environment and is affected by change within
it. The main components of the practical nursing education experiences must include provision of direct
client care, counseling individuals and families, applying health concepts across the lifespan within a
culturally and spiritually sensitive domain and embodying technology into all facets of practice.
The nursing educator, as a facilitator of the learning process, encourages students’ initiative and
independence of thought. Practical Nursing students who are encouraged to inquire, analyze, synthesize
and generalize will be prepared to be critical thinkers who will be able to make relevant and significant
contributions to the global community in which he or she will practice upon graduation.
The faculty believes practical nursing students need exposure to global community and crosscultural
awareness to succeed in the workplace or to transition into professional nursing education.
Therefore, the faculty believes that society is a global system of interrelated subsystems (individual,
families, groups and communities) interacting with the environment to meet specific human needs. The
global society encompasses a multicultural facet uniquely engaging in interaction for the purposes of
education, the transmission of values and the mutual protection and welfare of all people.
The faculty believes that the individual is an integrated whole whose behavior is motivated by the
drive to seek satisfaction of basic human needs as theorized by Maslow (1970). As a part of a family,
group, community and society, the individual exists in a complementary relationship with the
environment and is affected by change within it.
In keeping with its practical focus, the program avoids redundancy and duplication of
theory content, and promotes smooth educational mobility for students as they seek to growth in
their chosen profession. The students in the program will be prepared to become safe, effective
health care providers in the 21st century using three major concepts. It is the belief of the faculty
that when these concepts are integrated throughout the teaching-learning process the graduate of
the program will be able to provide competent, holistic client care utilizing critical thinking skills
and the nursing process. Therefore, the common frameworks for nursing education in both
classroom and clinical practice are:
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Basic Human Needs
Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs is one of the conceptual framework providing, the
threads that support the curriculum of the Practical Nursing Program. Maslow (1970) described his
theory of Human Motivation as a hierarchy of human needs (see table below). To help us understand
people, he established a system of categorizing needs from basic to those of a higher level. Human needs
are arranged according to priority (prepotency). When needs that have the greatest priority, are satisfied,
the individual is capable of reaching higher level needs. As physiological needs are satisfied, higher
needs emerge. A strong interrelationship exists among the five levels, and Maslow does not mean to
imply that complete satisfaction of each level must be met before the next level of needs emerge.
Need to be self-fulfilled, learn, create, understand, and experiences one’s potential
Need to be well thought of by oneself, as well as by others
BELONGINGNESS AND LOVE
Need for affection, sense of belonging and having meaningful relationship with others
Need for safety, freedom from harm and danger
Feeling of well-being
Need for oxygen, rest and activity, nutrition (food & fluid)
Hygiene, sleep, sexuality (needed for the survival of humankind)
Adapted from Maslow, Abraham (1970). Motivation and Personality. (2nd Ed.) Harper and Row, p. 26.
In the provision of care to clients, the clinical students will focus on meeting the common daily
needs of clients as theorized by Abraham Maslow. These include: needs for oxygen, nutrition and
fluids, elimination, sleep and rest, personal care and hygiene, safety and environment, physical
activity and exercise, emotional needs, spiritual needs, diversional and rehabilitational needs,
needs for physical or social adjustments, needs for safety and effective medical care and
treatment. These twelve general areas are basic or common to all clients across the lifespan.
They form the basis for the delivery of nursing care that will be planned and provided for
during the student’s practical nursing education at LaGuardia Community College.
Florence Nightingale (1946) stated that nothing but observation and experience will teach us the
ways to maintain or assist the client back to a state of health. The Nursing Process provides the means by
which this can be done in an organized, deliberate and concise manner. It is an ongoing systematic
procedure by which the nurse determines the client's problems, develops a plan to resolve these
problems, implements the plan and evaluates the outcome (Yura & Walsh, 1983). It is a decision-making
process, including both cognitive and activity components. The whole process is dynamic and
interactive, since data from one phase can aid in maintaining or altering the other phases. The
methodology for carrying out the conceptual framework throughout the practical nursing curriculum
will be the Nursing Process utilizing the established steps of the process which are assessment, planning,
implementation and evaluation. The expectations is that students will utilize the nursing process through
the curriculum as outline below:
All learning involves thinking that should be developed and nurtured in all students and faculty.
Critical thinking techniques involve higher reasoning strategies as foundation of knowledge structuring.
Such strategies are used to receive information, interpret it, relate it and adapt it to performances in
various circumstances. According to Facione (1998) critical thinking is a pervasive and purposeful
phenomenon. In developing critical thinking in students one must take into consideration both core
critical thinking skills, as well as the disposition toward critical thinking as illustrated by the following
Core Critical Thinking Skills The Disposition Toward Critical Thinking
Facione, Peter (1998) Critical Thinking; What It is and Why it Counts, The California Academic Press, Millbrae, CA, pp 5& 8
Adapted from Facione (1998) Critical Thinking; What It is and Why it Counts, p. 8.
Following successfully completion of the Practical Nursing Program, graduates will achieve the identified
educational goals and career objectives:
The faculty believes that in order to accomplish the above educational goals and career objectives as well as
provide competent, wholistic client care utilizing critical thinking skills and the nursing process the
graduate of the practical nursing program must possess the ability to assume the following roles:
Applicants to practical nursing program must complete admission requirements of the College and the
Registrar insures that all documents are accurate. All students are admitted directly to the pre-clinical phase
of the Practical Nursing Program. Progression to the clinical phase of the program is competitive;
therefore, students should be striving to maintain an acceptable GPA.
Applicants who have never attended college are admitted to the pre-clinical phase provided they meet the
college criteria pertaining to the admission of any new freshman applicant to LaGuardia, i.e.: possess a
high school diploma or its equivalent GED (General Equivalency Diploma). Applicants who have earned a
U.S. Armed Forces Institute diploma must submit proof of having earned a total score of 225 on the GED
Transfers from other Colleges (Advanced Standing)
The practical nursing program will accepts applicants who have previously attended
or graduated from another accredited college or university provided they meet the
same basic requirements for new freshmen and as per the LaGuardia College
Applicants must have a minimum GPA of 2.50. Applicants may, upon submission of official college transcripts, receive transfer
credit only for the following general education courses which are required in the
Practical Nursing Program curriculum:
Credit for any above courses taken and passed elsewhere may be granted only if the
courses are deemed comparable to those, which meet the certificate requirements of the
Practical Nursing Program. The Admissions Office through the appropriate academic
departments and in accordance with established college policies and procedures would
determine transferable credits. The Practical Nursing Program will follow the transfer policy of the College as
it appears in the College catalog. Transfer credit for clinical phase nursing
courses will not be awarded.
Transfer From Other Majors Within LaGuardia (In-House Transfer)
LaGuardia students enrolled in an academic program other than Practical
Nursing may file for a change of major provided they have been a student at
LaGuardia for at least one enhanced semester and have a minimum GPA of
2.50. The candidate for a change of major must submit the following to the Practical Nursing Program Director:
Performance on the NCLEX-PN examination has been shown to correlate positively with a student
performance during the clinical phase of a nursing program. Therefore, high standard for progression
during this phase of the program must be maintained. The Program’s Committee on Retention and
Progression, headed by the Program’s Director, will make the final decision for retention and progression
in the program. Once admitted and prior to start of first clinical course faculty of the program will meet
each student who achieved candidacy. Comments and recommendations because of this meeting will be
written into an established file. Strengths, weakness and needs for close academic support will be noted and
both student and faculty will develop a plan for academic support of the student throughout the
educational experience in the Program.
To be eligible for progression into the clinical phase of the practical nursing program, a student must meet
the following requirements:
In order to advance into nursing clinical coursework, (Application for
candidacy in the PN or RN Programs), students must provide documentation in
one of the following categories:
Satisfactory completion of all remediation courses per CUNY policy
Registered as a pre-clinical practical nursing major (Curriculum Code 431)
Earned at least a 2.5 grade point average in each pre-clinical key courses.
Registered for Practical Nursing Candidacy (LPN000.4199) in the Spring Session I (for
entrance in the Fall). Key courses should either be completed or will be completed by the
end of this 12-week session.
THERE IS A DEADLINE TO APPLY FOR LPN CANDIDACY . IT IS THE
STUDENT’S RESPONSIBILITY TO CHECK THE ACADEMIC CALENDAR FOR
THIS DATE. THE STUDENT CAN ONLY REGISTER FOR CANDIDACY IN THE
REGISTRAR’S OFFICE. THE UNDECLARED HEALTH SCIENCE MAJOR WILL
CHANGE TO LPN MAJOR (LPN 431) ONCE YOU HAVE BEEN ACCEPTED INTO
THE CLINICAL PHASE.
Key Courses Cumulative GPA of 2.5
While a GPA of 2.5 in the key courses is the minimum requirement for consideration, it
does not guarantee progression to clinical courses. Seats are competitive and they are
determined by a rank order scoring system. No grade lower than a "C" will be accepted for
any required science course throughout the Practical Nursing Program. Science course
with a C-, D+, D, D- grade may be repeated with permission from the Academic Chair of
the Natural Science Department. When key course with grades of C-, D+, D, D- F are
repeated, the C-, D+, D, D- F grade and the repeated course grade will be calculated in the
key course average.
Completed Health Screening as required by clinical affiliated agencies.
Attend a mandatory program orientation seminar upon acceptance into the clinical phase
Beginning with the Fall 2009 semester in order to advance into nursing clinical
coursework, (Application for candidacy in RN or PN Programs), students must provide
documentation in one of the following categories:
Please Note: the CUNY Citizenship and Immigration Project provide free
counseling and assistance to all CUNY students who need help with their
immigration status. For more information, visit: web.cuny.edu/about/citizenship.html
When students are notified that they have earned a seat in SCL101 additional requirements must be met.
The medical form including lab results and immunization dates must be submitted, as well as a current
CPR (BCLS for Health Care Provider) card. Malpractice insurance must be purchased; assessment exams
must be paid for and taken.
The selection of candidates for the clinical phase of nursing will be determined in the Spring Semester.
Students will only be automatically granted 2 chances to apply for candidacy.
To maintain progression during the clinical phase of the program, a student must complete each nursing
course with a minimum grade of “C”. A minimum GPA of 2.5 must be maintained throughout the clinical
phase. Failure of either the theoretical, college lab or clinical practicum component of any course requires
that the entire course be repeated. Student may only repeat a course once with the permission from
Program Coordinator. Permission to repeat a course in any of the nursing semester sequence will be basis
on space availability. Students repeating a course for the second time must receive a “C+” (77 or better) in
order to remain in the program. Within one month of your final grade submission you are required to
submit a written letter requesting permission to repeat the one clinical course you have failed.
Failure of two courses (SCL 101, 102 or 103) in the first semester of the clinical phase will terminate you
from the program.
The standards for clinical nursing progression are:
Students who do not successfully complete SCL 101, SCL 102 or SCL103 for reasons that they (1) declined
admission, (2) withdrew officially, (3) withdrew unofficially, (4) took a medical leave, or (5) received a
failure after completing the final exam, may be readmitted. Readmission to the course will be at the
discretion of the Practical Nursing Program faculty. Students repeating a course for the second time and
receive a failing grade, will not be able to continue in the Practical Nursing Program. Faculty will take into
consideration test grades, clinical performance and extenuating circumstances.
Once a student is admitted into the clinical phase of the Practical Nursing Program, deferment will only be
considered on an individual basis. Confirmation will be given to students who can provide documentation
as to why they are unable to enter the program at the time of candidacy. Deferment will only be granted
once. Students who are unable to begin in the Fall class must then re-apply for candidacy for the following
Spring semester. Students who are permitted to defer, must begin within the next starting class. (the
following Fall semester)
All assignments are due on the designated date. Failure to comply will result in a lower grade of 5 points
for each day of lateness.
Students are expected to arrive to all schedule learning activities (Class, College Lab and Clinical sessions)
on time and remain for the entire schedule sessions. Attendance policies for class are those stated in the
LaGuardia College Catalog: “ the maximum number of unexcused absences is limited to 15% of the
number of class hours.” Attendance for the hospital clinical laboratory and the campus laboratory is
mandatory. Students who are ill on a clinical day must notify both the faculty member, and the clinical
facility, and PN Program secretary at (718)482-5774. Student must provide a doctor’s note /medical
clearance to return to class. If a student misses clinical for any reason they must complete a case study or lab
assignment to make-up for their clinical absences.
Study TimeIt is expected that students spend at least two hours in outside study for each hour spent in class. In
nursing, it is also important for students to practice skills in order to perform them safely in the hospital.
Therefore, students who carry a full credit load each semester must be prepared to spend 30-40 hours per
week in class or studying.
Campus Learning LaboratoryThe learning laboratory is used by students to practice and perfect skills, after they have been taught by
their instructor in the regularly scheduled campus lab. The learning laboratory is open to all practical
nursing students during the hours posted. Students should feel free to come to practice any skills
necessary. A college laboratory technician will be available to answer questions or review students'
demonstrations. The laboratory is to be used only by nursing students in the clinical phase.
Child Care ServicesPractical Nursing students in addition to academic study, lead very busy lives that often include work,
family and social obligations. The Practical Nursing Program want our students to have the most supportive
environment possible so they can successfully accomplish their educational goals. Therefore, students are
encourage to take advantage of the college’s high quality on-campus childcare program and an on-campus
pre-K through 2nd Grade School, where your young children can be near you and receive a top-notch
education themselves. The Early Childhood Learning Center is located in the M Building.
Students can be expected to be assigned to any health facility in the Greater Metropolitan area. All students
are required to provide their own transportation to and from these facilities. Students may be required to
submit to a drug testing as well as a background check in order to comply with requirements of assigned
The Campus Learning Laboratory: E-358, E-351, E-352, E-361, E-360
The learning laboratory is used by students to practice and perfect skills after they have been taught by
their instructor in the regularly scheduled campus lab. The learning laboratory is open to all nursing
students during the hours posted. Students should feel free to come to practice any skills necessary. No
appointment is required. A college laboratory technician is available to answer questions or review
students' demonstrations. The campus media laboratory was renovated in August 2007 through a grant
of $100,000 from HIP Health Plan/Centralized Laboratory Services LaGuardia Community College. The
computer and media resource facility provides academic support through computerized internet access,
software and video tutorials utilizing state-of-the-art drop-down computers, with integrated live
instructor conferencing and smart board interfacing.
Clinical day from 8:00 am to 4:00 pm or 4pm-11pm, unless otherwise designated. Students may be
expected to submit to drug testing in order to comply with requirements of the clinical facilities. In
addition, the Program Director may be asked to release students’ social security numbers to affiliating
Conduct and Responsibilities
Nursing students are legally responsible for their own actions during clinical experiences. Students must be
assigned appropriate activities and be given reasonable guidance and supervision while carrying out those
activities. In order to fulfill their responsibilities to their assigned clients, nursing students must:
Inappropriate behavior and/or attitude toward faculty, healthcare facilities staff or peers will not be
tolerated. Professional classroom and clinical behavior must be maintained at all times. If a student is
experiencing difficulty, he or she should make arrange to speak with assigned faculty member and/or a
CPR Training & CertificationAll students are responsible for scheduling and completing CPR certification training for Healthcare
Professional prior to entering the clinical phase of the program. No student will be allowed into the
clinical area without CPR certification.
Please refer to the following website for a description of the Practical Nursing Program uniform:
Instructions to order uniforms:
Go to the above web address. Enter pass code: LPN2025. Select GO.
A stethoscope, pen light and scissors are required for the Practical Nursing Program, but do not have to be
ordered from this site. Students must also purchase a watch with second increments.
Dress Code Clinical & Campus Laboratory
Uniform may be either an A-line skirt or elastic/string pants. If a skirt is chosen, its hem
must be below knee length. Top must be white with a zipper and optional long sleeved,
jewel neck knit tee with Spandex can be worn underneath uniform top. Only white shoes
with stockings/socks are acceptable. Clogs, sneakers, or high heels are not acceptable. The
LaGuardia Practical Nursing Program patch is already included on the uniform top. Head
wear worn for religious reasons should conform to the uniform colors (white).
The uniform consists of a light blue pants with draw string waist and white zipper top. The
LaGuardia Practical Nursing Program patch is already included on the uniform top. White
shoes with white socks must be worn.
Name pins must be worn at all times in the assigned facility and campus clinical. Please refer to website for
full description of uniforms and name pins.
Full uniform must be worn during clinical, campus clinical and all practical exams.
Each student must purchase the following items:
Stethoscope, bandage scissors, penlight and watch with second increments
Students should read this document before taking their exam.
All personal belongings will be placed in front of the room. This includes:
You will be allowed:
Make a thorough review your exam and scantron good before turning in your exam. Answers written on
test papers, but not placed on scantron, will not be scored.
When you are finished with your exam:
Either brings the scantron to the desk in the front of the room and immediately leave the room or raise
your hand and a faculty member can pick the exam and scantron from you.
All Nursing Students should be aware that any disclosure of examination items before, during or after
the examination is a violation of the college’s Academic Integrity Policy.
After the exam is reviewed in class, students will have the opportunity to make an appointment to review
their unit exams with their instructor for a period of 2 weeks. Students will not be allowed to review the
final exam until after grades and attendance have been posted. Instructors will hand score the final exam at
the request of any student who fails the course.
ATI is a mandatory component of the Practical Nursing Program. Students who do not complete the ATI
assessment and review program will not be eligible for graduation. ATI mandatory review for the NCLEX
examination will take place after graduation in June. All must attend this review. There are no exceptions.
The ATI (Assessment Technologies Institute) assessment & review program provides students with an ongoing
assessment or areas of weakness and strength, along with immediate self-direction remediation assistance. The
remediation consists of both text and computerized testing with feedback using the Internet. The program consists of
the following components:
Orientation Module: Provides an introduction to critical thinking through case study, study skills,
not taking, textbook annotation and test-taking skills.
Case Study Review Modules: Provides Lecture, content and application are based on case study
scenarios. A detailed lecture manual for instructors and 5 study review manuals for the students.
Once the student is under the umbrella of the Comprehensive Assessment & Review program, if he or she fails the NCLEX-PN license exam, he or she will have access to ATI resources and any of the above mentioned material for up to one year after graduation.
The Nursing Program has formulated the following Advanced Standing LPN to RN
Pathway for licensed practical nurses utilized as of Fall II of 2006.
Following the NYS Coalition for Education Mobility’s Articulation Model, LPN’s
may be admitted to the Registered Nurse Program after meeting the following criteria.
All applicants are required to:
Have a current LPN registration (licensure)
Receive academic advisement to assure that the applicant meets the admission requirements of the Associate Degree Registered Nursing Program (AAS Degree).
Successfully complete the NY Coalition for Educational Mobility LPN to RN Transition course.
Complete CUNY on-line admissions application to LaGuardia, and transfer or complete the clinical pre-requisite courses: ENG 101, SSY 101, SSY240, SCC210, SCB 203, SCB 204 and SCB 260 and MAT 120.
upon completion of clinical pre-requisite courses, a GPA of 2.75 is the minimum requirement to apply for candidacy ( LRN000. 4799) for the LPN to RN Bridge Course ( SCR 100).*
*The applicant may register for the SCR 100, LPN to RN Bridge Course no more than twice (Course may be repeated only once). The
applicant must apply for permission from the Nursing Program Director to re-register for the course within one year of the original
registration. The student must register for SCR 270 within one semester of the successful completion of the SCR 100, LPN to RN Bridge
The LPN TO RN Bridge course (SCR100) will include advanced Psych-Mental Health and Medical-Surgical
Nursing content. Students who enter the clinical phase of nursing at SCR 270 level will be required to
complete all other nursing requirements in sequence.
Students who enter the Nursing Program will be expected to adhere to the “Nursing Program Progression
Credits That May Be Transferred into the LPN to RN Advanced Pathway
Upon successful completion of all of the above requirements,the Registered Nursing Program will evaluate and
select students applying for the LPN to RN Bridge course based on GPA (minimum of 2.75) and available space.
Seventy-five percent of the applicant pool will be candidates from LaGuardia Community College’s LPN Program.
Twenty-five percent of the pool will be candidates from outside the college.
Student ranking for admission into the Advanced Pathway
Transfer pre-requisite course grades from outside colleges will be calculated in the GPA ranking.
Both general education and nursing clinical course grades will be calculated in the GPA ranking for
students who have graduated from the LGCC PN program.
NY Coalition for Educational Mobility Transition and Bridge Course (SCR100)course:
Total 15 Exemption Credits: (Fundamentals of Nursing [SCR 110] Perspectives of Nursing [SCR150]
Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing [SCR200] and Medical Surgical Nursing 1 [SCR 210]
Current laws generally permit a state licensing board or agency to deny a license to practice nursing if the
applicant has been convicted of a felony or other specified crime. Like many state licensing boards, the
Office of the Professions of the New York State Education Department requires that a criminal background
check be conducted prior to granting a license to practice nursing. Questions should be directed to the NYSOffice of Professions.
The Nursing Program at LaGuardia Community College does not require a criminal background check, but
the educational requirements include placement at one or more hospitals or other off campus clinical
training sites, and these sites frequently require a student to undergo a criminal background check before
the student can be placed for clinical learning experience. If, based upon the results of a criminal
background check, the site determines that a student's participation in its clinical training program would
not be in the best interest of the site, the site may deny that student admission to the training program.
Even if the student has already begun the placement when the results are received, the site may elect to
dismiss the student, regardless of the student's performance while in the training program.
Each clinical training site that requires a criminal background check sets its own standards and procedures,
and you may be asked by the site to pay the cost of the background check. You may also have to complete
more than one criminal background checks during the course of the Nursing program at LaGuardia
Community College, depending on the number of sites where you are placed and the requirements of each
Please note that if a clinical training site determines that you may not take part in its training program
based on the results of a criminal background check, you may be unable to complete your course
requirements and to continue in the Nursing program. It is important for you to consider this before you
enroll in the Nursing program. LaGuardia Community College has no obligation to refund your tuition or
fees or to otherwise accommodate you in the event you are ineligible to complete your course requirements
based on the results of a criminal background check, or if you are denied a license to practice nursing.
Professional obligations are a part of ethical codes that govern the behavior of the members of a profession.
Ethical behavior goes beyond the actual client setting. It should be a part of one's life. In addition to
nursing students' rights, there are nursing students' responsibilities. These responsibilities require student
behavior that maintains the integrity of the profession and the safety of clients.
The following behaviors may lead to dismissal of students:
*These are estimated expenses and are subject to change*
Financial AidIn view of the many hours that are required to be successful in nursing, outside employment is
discouraged. Students should make every effort to seek financial aid if necessary. The LaGuardia
Financial Aid Office is located in C-107.
Good StandingA student who has satisfactorily met the requirements and standards of the program and the college is
considered in good standing.
GradingA minimum of C in each theory subject and a satisfactory evaluation for clinical and laboratory
performance must be maintained. Student progress will be evaluated periodically by the faculty. Students
not maintaining C or receiving unsatisfactory clinical performance will be counseled and placed on warning
or probation. Grading policies for each course are included in the course Syllabi. The following grading system
for the clinical component is in effect:
93 - 100 = A
90 - 92.4 = A-
87 - 89.4 = B+
83 - 86.4 = B
80 - 82.4 = B-
77 - 79.4 = C+
73 - 76.4 = C
0 - 72.4 = F
Students will participate in the college graduation ceremony as scheduled.
Grievance ProceduresIt is the intent of the program to encourage the timely and informal resolution of student
grievances as they occur and to provide a set of procedures leading to satisfactory disposition of
complaints. Grievances should be resolved at the earliest possible step. Students may bring a
complaint when there has been a violation, misinterpretation or inequitable application of policy
or procedure. The procedure for the resolution of complaints is as follows:
The complainant may at any step request representation from the student council.
Group ConcernsStudents who face problems or have issues to raise during a course should not wait until the
end of the semester to voice concerns. At the start of each semester, every class or section of a
class will elect a representative to bring any concerns of that group to the nursing faculty.
The Health Center provides an array of student centered services including, but not limited to
health counseling, first aid and emergency care. The Center now has a Nurse Practitioner on
staff that is willing to provide physical examination service. Student must contact the Center for
further information located in room MB-40 or phone (718) 482-5280
Learning Community Activities
Independent study commensurate with society's well being in that it fosters critical thinking
and encourages students to be self-reliant and responsible. Many tools are used to promote and
foster independent study among students. These include, but are not limited to the following:
Leave Absence (Withdrawal)
A student in good standing may request a leave of absence for reasons of personal, health, or
family situation. The student will be accepted back semester following leave of absence
approved by Practical Nursing Director as space allows.
The Library Media Resources Center at LaGuardia Community College is open for on-site use
and borrowing of materials to anyone holding a currently valid ID from any college of the City
University of New York (CUNY), any CUNY-affiliated school, and the Empire State College of
the State University of New York (SUNY). The Library is located in the E-Building.
All practical nursing students are required to purchase malpractice insurance. Applications for
this insurance will be distributed prior to the start of the first clinical practical nursing course.
A valid insurance policy is essential prior to the first clinical day and must be kept current
throughout all clinical courses.
Meeting will be held monthly between students and faculty to address
recommendations and issues of concern. Minutes must be taken and
submitted to Practical Nursing Director’s office for review and filing in a
Program Completion Requirements
Upon successful completion of the Practical Nursing Program each student will be issued a
certificate of graduation and referred to sit for the New York State Practical Nursing Licensure
Examination. To successfully complete the program, the following requirements must be met:
Academic Requirements: Each course must be successfully completed with a minimum grade
of C in each course and each clinical practicum must be passed with a satisfactory grade.
Students with Disabilities
Students with disabilities are admitted to the Practical Nursing Program and progress through
the program provided they are able to meet all required course objectives and the LaGuardia
Community College Essential Nursing Program. (see Appendix A)
Physical ExaminationAll students must have completed and documented the required physical examination
form prior to being assigned to the clinical area.
Health StatusStudents must inform their clinical instructor of any change in health status i.e.
pregnancy, physical jury, or medical conditions that impairs physical function before
accepting a clinical assignment. The faculty will consider the health and safety of both
students and clients when determining clinical assignments. The college and nursing
faculty reserve the right to require a physician's statement regarding students' health status
if physical function may be impaired at anytime during the clinical rotation. Students
maybe required to submit a letter of medical clearance from their Primary Care Provider.
Submission of FormsAll necessary medical forms and laboratory results must be submitted to the Practical
Nursing Program at least two weeks before the first clinical day. If the forms are not
submitted on time students will be unable to attend the clinical component of the course,
which will affect the course grade. Physical examination forms will be given out at
Health Center is located in room MB-40. The center provides health counseling, First Aid
Student Identification CardsStudent College’s identification be worn at all times in the clinical area and produced upon
request by clinical agency security and/or staff.
Student Progress (Evaluations)Formal review of student’s academic progression will be done periodically with student during
each semester by assigned practical nursing faculty.
Student Resposibilities in the Clinical AreaPractical Nursing students are legally responsible for their own actions during clinical
experiences. Students will be assigned appropriate activities and be given guidance and
supervision while carrying out assigned client care activities. In order to fulfill their
responsibilities to their assigned clients, practical nursing students must:
Two student nurses will be selected and notified by faculty to administer medications one week
prior to their assigned medication administration clinical day. These students will then be
required to go to the lab and practice medication administration during that week. Students are
responsible to bring a medication drug book to each clinical session.
The student nurses selected to administer medications will be given the names of the assigned
patients by faculty during preconference. The student nurses will be expected to review meds (in
the drug guide prior to the administer of said medications) related to:
A. trade and generic name B. purpose of medication
C. therapeutic dose range
D. side affects
E. nursing implications
F. contraindications/drug interactions
The student nurse will introduce self and identify the patient using two forms of ID as per
facility protocol – usually name and DOB or MR #.
The student nurse will review the Medication Administration Record (MAR) against the
physicians orders selecting medications to be given at the assigned hour. The student nurse will
be supervised by faculty as medication administration nursing interventions are determined
based on the MAR.
After introducing self and identifying the patient (asking patient name, ID Band and two
forms of ID -e.g. name and date of birth).
The student nurse will be expected to do a quick general assessment of patient and environment
(V/S .IV fluid infusion, IV site, dressing, oxygenation etc.) and ask if they need any assistance
prior to medication administration.
The student nurse will examine the chart and obtain information (diagnosis, activity, IV and
diet. Also examines for any contraindications to giving medications, ie NPO, allergies, HR, B/P
The student nurse will review the MAR a second time, consulting with the clinical
faculty/primary nurses to determine if any changes occurred in medications to be given. The
student nurse needs to alert the primary nurse prior to removing the medication drawer from the
medication cart if this is possible. Computerized carts may not permit removal of drawers.
The student nurse will select the medication to be administered from the drug cart by against
the MAR and identifying at minimum, the 6 rights of medication administration:
RIGHT PATIENT NAME: patient name on the drug is compared to the MAR
RIGHT DRUG NAME - Drug name on the MAR matches the drug being administered as
written on the physician’s order.
RIGHT DOSE - The printed amount of the drug on the MAR to be administered matches
the physician’s order and subsequently confirmed on pill encasing.
RIGHT ROUTE - The route written on the MAR matches the physician’s order.
RIGHT TIME – The time written for drug administration on the MAR matches the
RIGHT DOCUMENTATION is utilized on the MAR following the administration. Faculty
observes documentation on MAR based on hospital policy.
The student nurse will obtain medication from the draw beginning the required three checks
only under the supervision of faculty. The student nurse will check and identify the
when it is removed from the drawer;
as it is placed in the medication cup/syringe; and
when the packaged is opened and again at the time of administration to patient.
Prior to entering the room, the student nurse will review the process of patient identification
and administration of drug once more with the faculty.
The student nurse is expected to wash hands prior to identifying the patient correctly once
again just prior to medication administration using the patient’s ID bracelet and two identifiers
(e.g. name and date of birth).
Taking vital signs (ex: pulse and or B/P) if required prior and after administration and
Showing the patient the drug and teaching the patient about the purpose of the drug, the
ordered dose and any special administration requirements. The student nurse will have
MAR in hand;
Administering PO medications along with water or appropriate liquids (e.g. orange
juice to increase absorption of iron, no milk that could decrease absorption of iron,
Remaining with the patient until the medication is taken;
Never leaving meds unattended unless they are in a locked medication cart/room.
Documenting the medication administration, signing off with LAGCC SN in the
appropriate section followed by faculty co-signature;
Observing the patient 15-30 minutes following medication administration for any side
Observe the hospital time frame for administering medications (e.g. 30 min to 1 hour)
Informing the faculty and primary nurse of any negative patient responses and/or
problems that develop.
THE FOLLOWING STUDENT BEHAVIORS MAY LEAD TO PROGRAM DISMISSAL
(INVOLUNTARY PROGRAM WITHDRAWAL)
Unexcused absences beyond the maximum according to college policy (see College Catalog).
Any performance or negligence which causes, or puts the patient at risk for, physical or
Unprofessional conduct (See Rules of the NYS Board of Regents, Part 29, UnprofessionalConduct)
Failure to immediately report a patent-care error to clinical instructor and /or responsible staff
Being under the influence of alcoholic beverages, drugs which impair judgement, or illegal
Fraudulent or untruthful charting in a medical record.
Dishonesty, e.g. stealing from the college or a clinical agency, plagiarism, cheating on
examinations (see Policy on Academic Integrity).
Failure to improve unsatisfactory clinical performance following counseling.
Determination of any “direct threat” - This condition consists of a significant risk to the health
or safety of a student(s) or patient(s) with a high probability of substantial harm that cannot
be eliminated by reasonable accommodation.
REFERENCE: Registered Nursing Student Handbook: General Information and Policies.
LPN Program Student Handbook
LPN Pre-Clinical Informational Booklet